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Class 8 History Chapter 8 Women, Caste and Reform | CBSE Social Science Class 8
In today’s world, women empowerment is one of the most important agendas of our country. They are given a number of rights such as the right to education, to work, to vote in elections, etc. But in old times it was not so. Women were deprived of many rights. They were not sent to schools and were married at an early age. Yes, it is true that many kids were married before they attained the age of 18 which now is a legal age for girls to marry.
Differences between men and women were not the only ones present in our country but there were differences among castes also. Brahmans and Kshatriyas were considered ‘upper castes’. Vaishyas who were the traders or moneylenders were placed after them and peasants and artisans such as weavers and potters were known as shudras. Those who were considered the lowest were the ones who were into the work of cleaning villages and cities. These jobs were considered as the polluting jobs by the upper castes and thus, the groups at the bottom were considered as ‘untouchables’. They were not allowed to enter temples, draw water from the upper caste group’s well. They were treated as inferior humans.
But during the nineteenth and twentieth century, many of these practices changed. Let us see how this became possible.
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