CBSE – 8th Standard Science

CBSE - 8th Standard Science

Question Bank – Chapter 7 – Conservation of Plants and Animals




Q1. What is Deforestation?

Ans. Deforestation means clearing of forests and using that land for other purposes like Procuring land for cultivation., Building houses and factories., Making furniture or using wood as fuel.


Q2. What is the difference between National parks and Biosphere reserve?

Ans. Areas reserved for wild life where they can freely use the habitats and natural resources are called National Park while large areas of protected land for conservation of wild life, plant and animal resources and traditional life of the tribals living in the area become Biosphere Reserve .


Q3.  What is Red Data Book?

Ans. Red Data Book is the source book which keeps a record of all the endangered animals, plants and other species.


Q4. What does term Endemic species stands for?

Ans. Endemic species are those species of plants and animals which are found exclusively in a particular area they are not naturally found anywhere else.


Q5. What are endangered animals?

Ans. Animals whose numbers are diminishing to a level that they might be extinct are known as the endangered animals e.g. black buck, elephant.


Q6. What do you understand by the term migration?

Ans. Migration is move of animals and bird to another place like birds cover long distances to reach another land .Migratory birds fly to far away areas every year during a particular time.


Q7.  How does deforestation reduce rainfall on  one hand and lead to floods on the other?

Ans. Fewer trees result in more soil erosion. Removal of the top layer of the soil exposes

the lower, hard and rocky layers. This soil has less humus and is less fertile, the fertile land gets converted into deserts. Deforestation also leads to a decrease in the water holding capacity of the soil as infiltration rate is reduced there are floods.


Q8. Why should paper be saved?

Ans. We should save, reuse and recycle paper to save trees, energy and water.


Q9. what are consequences of Deforestation ?

Ans. Deforestation increases the temperature and pollution level on the earth. It increases the level of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. Ground water level also gets lowered.


Q10. What is the purpose of making national parks, wildlife sanctuaries and biosphere reserves?

Ans. Sanctuaries, national parks and biosphere reserves are made to protect our flora and fauna and their habitats.




Q.1 What is poaching? Is it posing a threat to biodiversity ?


Q.2 Describe the cause behind giant panda becoming an endangered species ?


Q.3 Pick the odd word out of the following:


 giant flying squirrel, lion-tailed  macaque, giant panda, ganga river dolphin, nilgiri leaf monkey.


Q.4 Write full forms of the following :


  1. i) IUCN ii) WCU